Sigmund Freud's view of human nature is deterministic.
assumptions are that our behavior is determined by irrational forces, unconscious.
motivations, and biological and instinctual drives. All of these evolve through.
psychosexual stages in the first six years of life.
The primary characteristic distinguished by this approach is in making the.
unconscious conscious. A major area of focus and emphasis for Freud was that the.
personality consists of three systems; the id, the ego, and the superego. The id is ruled by.
the pleasure principle, which is based on a drive to satisfy instinctual needs and is mostly.
unconscious. The ego does realistic and logical thinking and formulates plans of action.
for satisfying needs. The superego works with both the id and the ego by inhibiting the.
Id impulses and persuading the ego to substitute moralistic goals for realistic ones. .
Anxiety is a major concept is the psychoanalytic approach. Anxiety develops out.
of a conflict among the id, ego, and super ego. It also warns of impeding danger. Ego.
defense mechanisms help to cope with anxiety. Repression, denial, reaction formation,.
projection, displacement, rationalization, sublimation, regression, introgection,.
identification, and compensation are all ways in which the ego is prevented from being.
Erickson based his ideas on Freuds but also stressed that the psychosocial aspects.
of development goes beyond early childhood. Carl Jung based some of his views on.
Freud as well, but disagreed with him in the end. He placed importance on the.
psychological changes that are associated with mid-life. He stated that part of the nature.
of humans is to be constantly developing, growing, and moving toward a balanced and.
complete level of development. .
Another area of focus in psychoanalytic therapy is the contemporary.
psychoanalytic theory. A fundamental idea of this approach is that psychoanalytic.
therapy is continually growing and changing.