Many people ask this question, well Type 2 diabetes otherwise known as mature onset diabetes. It is a lifelong disease that develops when the islets cells on the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin or when the body tissues become resistant to insulin. Insulin lets sugar enter the body's cells, where it is used for energy.
Because insulin is not available, the blood sugar level rises to an unsafe level, it may take several years for the blood sugar level to reach an unsafe level and cause noticeable symptoms. If blood sugar levels are high for many years, blood vessels and nerves in the body may be damaged, leaving you at risk for eye, heart, and kidney disease.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes found in people. About 90-95% of all diabetics have type 2 diabetes.
The Cause of Type 2 diabetes:.
Type 2 diabetes is caused by the body's resistance to insulin. Insulin resistance occurs when the body's cells and tissues don't fully respond to insulin. The body then needs more insulin to control its blood sugar levels. The islet cells produce more insulin to try to keep blood sugars normal. Plus the liver releases more glucose in an effort to make more glucose available to the cells because they aren't getting any. As time goes on, the islets cells become less able to produce enough insulin and the tissues become more resistant to insulin, causing diabetes to develop. Type 2 diabetes is nearing epidemic proportions, due to an increased number of older Americans, and a greater prevalence of obesity and sedentary lifestyles.
The signs of Type 2 diabetes:.
Some of the signs of diabetes are fatigue, excess thirst, increased appetite and weight Loss, frequent urination, itching around the genitals, and increased susceptibility to infections. Some of the major effects that will happen over time are blindness, kidney disease, heart disease, stroke, and nerve disease and amputations.