One of the vital factors in the Renaissance was the invention by Johann Guttenburg (1450-56) of the moveable print along with the printing press. The printing press not only had a huge impact on the way citizens lived thier daily lives, but also helped broaden more information, aroused more people to be educated, and even shook the grounds of religion. The printing press had numerous long-term affects on the society of the Renaissance, which lead to modern science and technology.
In the early Renaissance, monks would spend months, sometimes years, in rewriting scriptures form the Bible. Becasue of this, books were tremendously expensive, whcih made it complicated for merchants and peasents to acquire literature. When the printing press was invented, it would take an extremely short time to compose a reproduction of something; which made it more affordable for merchants and peasants to purchase books. Since lower classes were able to afford books of thier own, there was no necessity for monks to interpret the Bible for them. Citizens began to learn more themselves, which helped devlop the rise of education.
Because books were so much more obtainable than before, people began to read more and had a desire to be educated. With this, books that were not involved with the Bible were being created. There were books about cooking, sweing etc. The philosophers and scientists of the Renaissance, in addition, began to publish thier works, theories, and analysis to the public. With this, it influenced many to be more concerned with humanisms and worldy values. People also began to acquire thier own ideas of the church. Which later began revolts of merchants and peasants.
Martin Luther had his own ideas about religion. With this, Luther wrote 95 Theses and posted them on the front doors of the castle chruch in Wittenberg. When Pope Leo X heard about Luther's action, he issued a decree threatining Luther with excommunication, unless he took back his statements.