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Mother And Fatherhood


             In the world on which we live, to be a mother or a father can succumb to heavy scrutiny. There are many different discourses and definitions of what it is to be a
             mother and what it is to be, considered a father. The discourses that surround
             motherhood and fatherhood are slowly being deconstructed by the shift from
             contemporary to current issues. Through the work of Tallcott Parson, Marxism and
             Bowlby we are given the opportunity to compare their work to the structualist
             functionalist and the feminist movement to create our own idea of what motherhood
             and fatherhood is considered to be. Furthermore when looking at motherhood and
             fatherhood we cannot disregard one's cultural capital and the reality that the
             discourses surrounding motherhood and fatherhood are socially constructed.
             When looking at motherhood and fatherhood in recent times some discourses
             remain the same as when Tallcott Parsons was studying motherhood and fatherhood
             in the 1950's. However with the help of the feminist movement there are cracks being
             formed within the discourses. Post structualist feminists work to deconstruct a
             problem. An example of this of this may be the realisation that mothers are not
             necessarily the primary caregiver. Today children have many more people in their
             lives accepting roles all who may readily know what it is the baby needs. Tallcott
             Parson suggests mothers are the primary caregivers and it is the mothers who
             apparently knows what it is their baby needs or wants. A crying baby is always
             handed back to the mother this reinforces the discourse that mothers know what it is
             Rutler, 1991 as cited in Everingham, 1994, pg 68 states " It is slowly being recognised
             that the person involved in this unique primary relationship need not be the biological
             mother". People are starting to realise that the person walking with that child is not
             necessarily the child's biological


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