Career Decision Making: Evaluating And Applying Current Theoretical Models

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Due to the difficult process of career-decision making for the majority of the population, researchers have formulated four main theories to better understand the complex relationships between the different factors that influence this important decision. Self-efficacy, abilities, interests, and personality types all play a significant part in finding the right career. Interventions and other types of career assistance have also been proven to have influences on which job an individual will apply for. Holland's Theory, the Theory of Work Adjustment (TWA), the Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT), and Super's Life-Span, Life-Space Theory all attempt to organize and explain how these influences act on the outcome of career-decision making.

To illustrate how career-decision making theories work in practice, two hypothetical individuals will go through the process of the application of the different theories. "Kenny  is a twenty-two year old Asian male from an upper-middle class family. He recently graduated from a private college and is looking for the right career path. He is intellectual, curious, and very creative. He likes to help others with their problems and excels at math and science. Kenny is a

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