THE LEBANESE POLITICAL SYSTEM

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The division of the Lebanese system:

Since the end of World War I, after the Ottomans had been defeated by the Allied Powers specifically Britain and France, split up the remaining Arab territories. France took control of the Lebanese and Syrian mandate, while England took over the Palestinian, Trans-Jordan, and Iraqi mandates. A wave of Arab nationalism swept across the Arab world thereafter, with fierce opposition from the local people towards the controlling mandate. The mandate continued until 1946, at which point the French government handed over independence to Lebanon in which the system was based on confessional lines. The President was to be Christian, the Prime Minister, Sunni Muslim, and the Head Speaker of Parliament Shi'ite Muslim. The division by the French of the Lebanese political system caused opposing religious groups to spread apart. Interests between Muslims and Christians began to spread as certain groups wanted to separate from "Arab unity  while others were passionate about joining the Arab cause. Gamal Abdel-Nasser's unity movement was having a widespread effect across the Arab world, which caused a wave of threat to Arab gov

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