An Analysis of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
In the first few decades of the 19th century, the rapid development of the American politics, economy and culture led to the growing acuteness of sectional struggle between the North and the South, the central point of struggle is over slavery. Began from 1830, abolitionist grow more powerful in the Northern states, many anti-slavery groups were established, such as William Lloyd Garrison's Liberator. People who supported the free soil policy and insisted that slave owners must not expand one inch farther were greatly increased in number. Meanwhile the leaders of Southern states insisted that slavery is good. The Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of 1850 did not fundamentally solve the majority of Northerners deeply, they refused to be responsible for catching escaped slaves, and even helped them to escape or provided shelter for them, By that time The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn published, Mark Twain showed his opinion about slavery in children's eyes. In this book, Jim the slave ends his slavery when the master repents and grants freedom to the slave in a fit of goodness, It's impossible that a slave could be freed by the slave owner, but it simply was not common., thus the ending of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn provides an overly gentle view of slave owners that should be taken into account in any examination of the novel's view of slavery.
From the creation of Huck we could find out Twain's opinion to slavery.
Huck Finn, the protagonist comes from a very lowest level of society. His father is a poor drunkard who'd willingly commit any crime just for the pure pleasure of it. Huck is kidnapped by his father from the "civilizing" influence of Miss Watson, and then fakes his own death for freedom, then he meets Jim the slave, the novel is motivated by two conflicts, the external conflict to achieve Jim's freedom, and the internal conflict is his own sense of whether the society is wrong or right.