The poem England 1819 written by Percy Shelley is categorized by its political and religious discourses and the powerfully emotive language characteristic of the Romantic Poets of the time in which it was written. It also shows the social criticisms or protests that the author enjoyed, as well as the other Romantic's did.
The monarchy and rulers of the time are seen in the poem as unfeeling and leech-like such as in the line "rulers, who neither see, nor fell, nor know." The exploited and abused the working class for their own personal gain. "A people starved and stabbed" is an example of how language in the poem is used to show the abuse. The parliament (senate) composed of mainly the aristocratic higher class who held positions of power at the time, is also positioned to be uncaring with no concern for the people.
Religion is attacked with the oxy-moronic "Christless, godless" line, suggesting that the comforts of Christianity that had held over the centuries had begun to fade, leaving the people helpless with nowhere to go for guidance and possibly faith.
A supernatural element also characteristic of the Romantic Poet is evident in England 1819 with the emergence of the "Phantom" in the last stanza. The is figure could have possible the "last hope" for the troubled people and would save them from the political and religious turmoil that they were in.
The aristocratic ruling class would have addressed this poem differently as their position in society, derived from inheritance would have been seen as traditional and conventional to them and they would have rejected these kinds of ideas as they were attacking their position in society. They would have seen their role in society to be stabilizing whereas republicans would have looked to this poem to be a justification of their current values or beliefs in the failing monarchal system.
The song "God Save the Queen" by the Sex Pistols is one modern day view of the monarchy's role in society.