Of all the scientists to emerge from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries there is one whose name is known by everyone. While most of these do not understand this man's work, everyone knows that its impact on the world of science is astonishing. Yes, many have heard of Albert Einstein's General Theory of relativity, but few know about the intriguing life that led this scientist to discover what some have called, the greatest single achievement of human thought. Einstein used mathematical reasoning for Religion influenced Einstein's views by questioning the design of the universe.
Since at least 1750, Einstein's paternal and maternal ancestors had lived in southern Germany, mainly in Buchau, a small town not far from Ulm. Albert's great grandfather was born there, his grandfather was born there and his father. The fact that Albert, born in Ulm on March 14, 1879, was contrary to Jewish tradition, not given the name of his grandfather, shows that his parents were not strict in matters of religion. Although they never renounced their Jewish heritage, they did not observe traditional rights or dietary laws and never attended religious service at the synagogue. Hermann Einstein regarded Jewish rituals as relics of an ancient superstition and "was proud that Jewish rites were not practiced in his home," as Albert's son-in-law Rudolf Kayser wrote in his biography of Einstein (Riser 28).
They sent Albert to a Catholic public primary school at age six, though he did receive instruction in his own religion from a distant relative, as such instruction was compulsory in the state of Bavaria. When Einstein moved on to the Luitpold Gymnasium, he received the two hours of religious instruction per week that the school offered its Jewish pupils. Einstein studied the Ten Commandments, biblical history, and the rudiments of Hebrew grammar. His belief in God was important to his science, since he often asked himself the question, "How much choice did God have in constructing the universe?" (Hawking 174).