"The immediate object of the League is to stop, by appeals to reason and conscience and, if necessary, by appeals to law, the defamation of the Jewish people. Its ultimate purpose is to secure justice and fair treatment to all citizens alike and to put an end forever to unjust and unfair discrimination against and ridicule of any sect or body of citizens." (ADL Charter, 1913). "The mission of ADL today is, as it has been in the past, to expose and combat the purveyors of hatred in our midst, responding to whatever new challenges may arise. Where once we protested admissions quotas at leading graduate schools, today we expose Internet sites devoted to Holocaust denial and white-supremacist propaganda." (ADL Online 2001). According to Berkowitz & Foxman (2001), a fearless lawyer by the name of Sigmund Livingston formed the organization in 1913 having only a small Chicago office. .
With only $200 Livingston reportedly gained the sponsorship of the Independent Order of B"nai B"rith by spelling out the League's determined, compelling mission; more than eight decades later it has grown beyond all expectations. The ADL now has its national headquarters in New York's United Nations Plaza, 30 regional offices and several satellite offices and has become "the nation's foremost champion in the struggle against anti-Semitism as well as other forms of bigotry and racism" (Berkowitz & Foxman 2001). No matter how much work is done, the First Amendment is still a protection of our individual opinions and freedom of voicing those opinions. Andrew Macdonald's The Turner Diaries is a prime example of this. In the text of this racially biased book Macdonald repeatedly criticized the intelligence of Jews, Blacks, and any other race if not pure white as if they are less than human. He stated, "Life is uglier and uglier these days, more and more Jewish. But it is still moderately comfortable, and comfort is the great corrupter, the great maker of cowards" (p.