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Turing Test

             Topic Chosen: [5] The Turing Test and Searle's Chines Room Argument.
             In order to simplify the terminology used in this discussion, I will refer to .
             the Turing Test and Chinese Room Argument individually as "investigations".
             The Turing Test and Searle's Chinese Room Argument are both investigations .
             and/or explorations into the so-called mind of a computer machine. The main .
             question that arises from both of these investigations, is "Can machines think?" .
             Do they have human-like intelligence? And If so, how is this similar or .
             different to human thinking? Can it be regarded as the same? The answer/s to .
             these questions have many implications for the study Artificial Intelligence .
             To avoid confusion in my discussions, I have decided to discuss the Turing Test .
             separately from Searle's Chinese Room Argument.
             To begin a discussion relating to these two investigations, a very clear .
             understanding of each is required. .
             The Turing test, Turing's attempt to capture the notion of artificial .
             The accepted definition of artificial intelligence, put forth by John McCarthy .
             in 1955: "making a machine behave in ways that would be called intelligent if a .
             human were so behaving." Since that time several distinct types of artificial .
             intelligence have been elucidated.
             Alan Turing, born in England in 1912 (died 1954), was a mathematician and .
             computer scientist (before that discipline was even recognised), and is .
             considered to be one of the fathers of modern digital computing. .
             The Turing test, as he first described it in 1950, is a proposal for a test of a .
             machine's capability to perform human-like conversation. The test proceeds as .
             follows: a human judge engages in a natural language conversation with two other .
             parties, one a human and the other a machine; if the judge cannot reliably tell .
             which is which, then the machine is said to pass the test. It is assumed that .
             both the humans and the machine try to appear human.

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