Greek and Roman architecture have many similarities and differences. In this essay, you will learn about Greek, Etruscan, and Roman architecture. This will include everything from design to materials used for the temples. .
Greek Architecture dates back to 6000 BC. The Greeks life was dominated by religion and so the temples of ancient Greece were the biggest. They developed the three orders of architecture. The Doric order, the Ionic order, and the Corinthian order can easily be identified by the column's capital. The Doric column style is the oldest and simplest of the orders. The orders are easily identified by the capital. Doric orders have a square block for the abacus and the cushion-shaped echinus. The abacus is the upper member of the capital. The echinus is a circular block that supports the abacus. The Doric's frieze consists of alternating triglyphs because they have three sections and metopes. This is also the most masculine order.
The Ionic order is characterized by the scroll capital. The Ionic origins from the east and were especially popular in Asia Minor and the Greek Islands. The frieze on the Ionic order has continuous decoration. The Ionic is slightly more feminine and stylish than the Doric. .
The Corinthian order is a development of the Hellenistic age. It is characterized by the large curling acanthus leaves that ornament the capital. The Corinthian is the most delicate of the three orders. It was also the ornament least used by the Greeks but later was most favored by the Romans. .
The Greeks Invented athletic contests as a way to honor their gods. Because the cherished the games so much they created the Olympics. No women could watch the games and only Greek nationals were able to participate. .
Greek Temples consisted of a rectangular room with projected walls to frame a porch at one end. The Etruscan's had a very similar temple to the Greeks. Such as the rectangular floor plan, peaked roof, and raised podium.