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Mental Health and Related Medicines

            Mental health is a person's interaction among physical, cognitive, affective, behavioral and social reals, as well as interactions with the environment to choose and act with regard to a purpose in life.Mentally healthy people react to their environment by being able to accurately perceive and control the manner and in which emotions are expressed.
             The introduction of psychotherapeutics has allowed many psychotic people to be treated at community mental health centers as outpatients, compared to being isolated in other facilities. Neurosis is when an individual is still in contact with reality, but cannot adjust favorably to surroundings or life situations. Psychosis is when an individual has lost contact with reality, resulting in the inability to communicate satisfactorily.
             Two major forms of psychosis are schizophrenia and severe depression. Anxiolytics are not prescribed for prolonged periods of time because these medications, classified as Schedules II and IV drugs, are for short-term use and are contraindicated for long-term use and carry the possibility of tolerance and physical or psychologic drug dependence or habituation, especially in large doses.
             Benzodiazepines are safer for use than central nervous system (CNS) depressants because these medications have few actions outside the CNS, thus having lower potential for abuse and producing less tolerance and physical dependence. The site of action of benzodiazepines is the gastrointestinal tract, via the oral route of administration.The most frequently found side effects of benzodiazepines are tremors and extrapyramidal effects, interference with memory and psychotic behavior. Other than anxiety, symptoms such as depression, OCD, panic disorders are relieved by anxiolytics or buspirone.
             Some differences between buspirone and diazepam include diazepam being a muscle relaxant and preoperative medication when buspirone is solely an antianxiety medication.

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