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The Globalization in Somalia

            The Republic of Somalia is a country slightly smaller than the U. state of Texas with a land area 637,657 square kilometers. Situated in the "horn of Africa," Somalia is the shape of the number seven or a rhino horn. Somalia's terrain includes mostly plateaus, plains, and highlands. It also has the longest coastline in Africa with an incredible length of 3,025 kilometers. Somalia neighbors Djibouti (northwest) that is actually inhabited by Somali-speaking people, the Gulf of Aden and Yemen (north), Ethiopia (west), Kenya (southwest), and the Indian Ocean (east). It was estimated by the United Nations in July 2011 that Somalia has a population of 9,925,640 and is ranked number 80 in the population category among the 193 nations of the world. The current President of Somalia is Hassan Sheikh Mohamud and the Prime Minister is Abdi Farrah Shirdon Said. The Republic of Somalia also has its own monetary unit known as the Somali shilling.
             In the words of Jamie Boszko, a history Professor at Kean University, "Civilizations and societies have been created and destroyed throughout history. Powerful societies and/or nations have learned over time to evolve and change (socially, politically, culturally, religiously etc.) in order to survive in the modern world. Globalization has both positive and negative effects on society and the people in it. A simple product such as the iPhone, or fast food restaurants have a global impact on our everyday lives.".
             The definition of globalization as stated on BusinessDictionary.com is "the worldwide movement toward economic, financial, trade, and communications integration." They also go on to state that globalization implies the opening of local and nationalistic perspectives to a broader outlook of an interconnected and interdependent world with free transfer of capital, goods, and services across national frontiers. However, it does not include unhindered movement of labor and, as suggested by some economists, may hurt smaller or fragile economies if applied indiscriminately.

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