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Retaining Traditional Industry in a Globalized World

            Prior to the industrial revolution in the century of late eighteenth and early nineteenth which set fire to the capital-based form of production, there was the period when production predominantly relied on man's hand and primary working forces were man labour. During such period, agricultural and industrial activities were not clearly differentiated (Koga, 1968) and many people not only worked in farming but they also generated extra business to get extra earnings while utilising spare labour after farming hours (Hunter, 2008). According to a report from ILO (1955) cited by Koga (1968), the definition for "traditional industry "insists on craftsman's skill with the absence of machines and therefore can be divided into two types as rural and urban as cited by Koga (1968). In rural areas, traditional industries are usually seasonal extra gain while in urban, they take place as nearly full-time (Koga, 1968). However, this use of defining "traditional industry " fails to explain about such countryside manufacturing as carpentry, pottery at a full-time scheme or to mention the certain "intermediate " which refers to the machinery application to some extent yet remaining labour-intensive. With reference to Hunter (2008), "traditional industry " indicates the type of industry in which production methods is usually in form of handicraft, become known in both pre-industrial time and even after as a continuation during the development of capital-intensive industrialisation. Hence, traditional industries have such common characteristics as labour-intensive, small-sized, crafty (cultural, creative) or rural, regional (clusters, cottage) as well (Hunter, 2008 and Koga, 1968). .
             Taking the definition of traditional industries from its historical development perspective into account, Koga (1968) discusses about the gradual wane and disappearance of them as a result of technology replacement.

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