According to Jean Piaget (1896-1890), "The principle goal of education in the schools should be creating men and women who are capable of doing new things, not simply repeating what other generations have done" (Brainyquote, 2014). Jean Piaget, born in Switzerland on August 9, 1996, worked at the Binet Institute (1920'), where he incorporated French questions on English intelligence tests (McLeod, 2009). According to McLeod (2009), the difference in answers between children and adults aroused Piaget's curiosity. Finally, in 1936, Piaget developed a systematic study of cognitive development. In addition, Piaget's contributions to cognition and learning include: "theory of cognitive child development, detailed observational studies of cognition in children, and a series of simple, but ingenious tests to reveal different cognitive abilities" (McLeod, 2009). In Piaget's theory of cognitive development, he was interested in how children think through development. The process of which this occurs is Piaget's theory. .
Theory of Cognitive Development.
Before Piaget, the psychological assumption for the thinking of children was they were less competent than adults. In Piaget's research, he showed the outstanding differences between the thinking of children and adults. According to Piaget, children are born with a very basic mental structure, which is genetically inherited and evolved. There are three components of Piaget's theory which are: schemas, adaptation processes from one stage to another, and stages of development (McLeod, 2009). .
The easiest way to understand schemas is to think of them as units; how knowledge is related to one another. Schemas are considered building blocks of intelligent behavior and defined as mental representations of the world that are applied when needed. For instance, you can think of it as several papers filed away in your brain, whereas they tell an individual how to act when encountering stimuli.