Slave trade and slavery officially ended in Sudan in 2003. However, modern-day slavery still exists. The International Labor Organization (ILO) and the UN stipulate that by 2006, the number of individuals held in slavery worldwide was estimated at 12-27 million, surpassing any earlier numbers, including the 16 thru 19th century slave trade of the Trans -Atlantic (Salett, 2006). Obviously, the global population is much higher than it was in the 19th century, but the scale of the problem nonetheless remains staggering. Between 700,000 and 900,000 people, mostly women and children are sold, bought, transported and held annually across international borders. In Sudan, slavery is an incredibly pernicious problem, especially after the independence of South Sudan. Civil war contributed to this immensely, and abductions are renowned worldwide. Since 1956 to this day, NSAS (n. d) estimates that more than 4 million black Africans have been killed since 1956 as a result of Arab North Sudan's continued attempt to colonize and conquer South Sudan. Even after the recent official secession of the South from the North, slavery remains a reality in Sudan, with the South's black Africans being subjugated by the Arabic, Islamic North. Slavery in Sudan is an outcome of misogynistic and patriarchal gender politics, local ethnic conflicts, and the political instability in the region in part prompted by the disruptive effect of Western imperialism. Due to the direct result of the civil war in Sudan slavery still exist and African women still fall prey to its injustices. One of the factors regarding the war in Sudan was primarily for the oil in south Sudan. Both the north and the south did not factor into race as a reason to go to war, it was for most intense purpose the north wanting to control the south. Also, the Arab government practices Islam and the south was predominately Christian so the government ended up using slave raids as a weapon against the south.