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Contemporary Criminological Theories

             Critically evaluate the usefulness of contemporary criminological theory for an understanding of crimes of violence.
             This paper will look at some crimes of violence, and it will evaluate how contemporary criminological theory is useful or how in some cases it is not useful towards crimes of violence. Some theories will be discussed, such as positivist and biological theory, also different types of violence will be evaluated such as structural, institutional and interpersonal violence, and how contemporary criminology deals with them. The paper will then end with a conclusion of the different findings from the research gathered.
             Power can be an association of many crimes of violence, violence is thought to be concerned towards connections to and around the body, and mostly in regards to pain, emotion, control and discipline (Hale, 2009). Many acts of extreme violence happen in response to seemingly trivial incidents and violence almost always has "sense" which means having a social meaning to both the perpetrators and the victims (Ray, 2011). Mainly all of the conventional and traditional explanations of violence aim to account for the regularity of the various forms of isolated and self-contained violent incidents in such singular units, such as gender, class and ethnicity, which in turn they all relate to differences in biology, psychology, sociology, and culture. .
             Accordingly, most conventional justifications of violence still remain incomplete, they highlight the singularities of violence but they fail at providing a broad framework that incorporates the full range of interpersonal, institutional and structural violence. Some justifications of general violence are connected to theories that state the foundation of violence is within the individual or within their social environment. Contemporaneously other theories uphold the belief that individuals withhold a natural instinct to behave violently, which requires very little motivation, therefore believing that violence is the result of a failed constraint or control.

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