A phobia is the fear of a specific something that possess no actual danger or damage. This paper will be taking about how the five perspectives in psychology apply to people with phobias. From what I have read/from what I have always known about phobias is that the terror they experience is mechanical, unreasonable, nerve-wrecking and overwhelming.
How does the five perspectives in psychology relate to people with phobias? Of course, everything happens for a reason. There will always be a reason behind everything that happens/will happen to us. Everybody looks at a certain thing differently, with biased opinions, fears etc. We need the different POVs to understand human behaviour, specifically, Phobias. .
The behavioural perspective claims that abnormalities or normal and odd human behaviours can be learned. Claustrophobia can be learned (amongst other reasons). A person's fear of closed spaces could've started as a dislike, but as the person feeds into that perception the fear becomes wider, it becomes serious. The more they tolerate the fear it worsens. .
As mentioned in class, the Psychodynamic Perspective revolves around Sigmund Freud's belief of the unconscious mind. This relates to early traumas, early events, childhood experiences etc. Everything that happens to a person, everything that affects how a person behaves is interrelated. An example of a phobia applicable to the perspective (according to how I see it) is Haphephobia, the fear of being touched. Like what I read in books about childhood trauma, the victim will reach a point that he/she forgets about the shock. He/she could have gone through an experience so heavy that he/she had no choice but to block it (the memory of it).or he/she could've survived. Of course, the experience will have after effects, and developing a phobia for being touched could be the product.