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Infancy and Early Childhood Development

            When someone talks of development in infancy and early childhood you should know this is the most advanced period of development. This part of a human's life is one of the most important times for a child's development and productive life. These two stages of development are critical for the foundations and well being of ones future. There are so many different elements that go into a child's development that could help them or hinder them. Some of these elements can include who a child was raised with, environment, parenting styles, education programs, and even society such as schools or churches. All these factors can influence a child's development or cognitive development.
             How Families Impact Development.
             They say it takes a village to raise a child, which can be very true. This village as well as the family all has an effect on a child's development. The best kind of family a child could grow up in is one that offers attention, sensitivity, and that is responsive. Other elements that are just as important are facial expressions, warmth, reassuring touch, helping with movements, speech, which hearing others talk helps (Berger, 2011). Caregivers are the first to teach young children (Willingham, 2007). All of these factors can decide how a child will develop. Berger made a strong statement by saying "early relationships help infants develop a working model, a set of assumptions that become a frame of reference for later life (Berger, 2011, p189).".
             Parenting Styles.
             Parenting styles consist of different strategies of discipline, affection, criticisms, how one ignores or persuades a child. This will also include how one punishes a child or communicates with them. Parents will expect different things from a child depending on their age and maturity. There are four types of parenting styles, and we will discuss each one. .
             Parents must show an interest in the child for good development.

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