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History of German Feminism

            "Both men and women should feel free to be sensitive. Both men and women should feel free to be strong. It is time that we all perceive gender on a spectrum, instead of two sets of opposing ideals." These words were spoken by Emma Watson in her speech at the UN. (Watson, 2014) Women are changing their roles and social expectations all over the world. During the First World War, the Weimar Republic was an old traditional empire and mainstream democracy. Today's German life were reinforced by women's challenges which confronted during the Weimar Republic. German women made great progress during the Weimar Period, but were pushed back during the Nazi era and still have traditional roles, although that is changing.
             During the years 1919 to 1933, the Weimar Republic affected German females, and women challenged social expectations of the German nation. One of the most significant characteristics of the new republic was the democratic Weimar Constitution in 1919. This constitution gave women a progressive power at the time: the right to vote. The vote led women to emancipation. Therefore, 49 women were elected to parliament and attended a first election which was held in 1919. Women's voice influenced party policies. The movement of women's emancipation changed the attitude of women; however, there were a strong negative reaction by some of the traditional people. Therefore, gender equality in Weimar Republic was far from a reality because German women were forced into lower skills and paying jobs than men and many women had to leave the workplace after they got married in order to follow the traditional roles as wife and mother. ("WordPress", 2012).
             Women in Nazi Germany had a very specific role women should be great mothers and wives who bring up children while men were working. The famous terms which is called three k's, Kinder, Kuche, Kirche. (Children, Cooking and Church) and was early in 20th century; because, Adolf Hitler, who was the leader of Nazi Germany educated girls to be good German women, and to boost the number of mothers by making a law for the encouragement of marriage in 1933.

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