"The Metamorphosis," by Franz Kafka, is about a boy named, Gregor. Gregor works as a traveling salesman selling fabric to pay off his family's debt. His father had a business that surceased, so Gregor is now working to pay it back. Gregor has a sister Grete, they are close and she is assiduous to Gregor. She had a great fidelity to Gregor and caring for him. One morning Gregor wakes up and everything has changed and he becomes obfuscated. Kafka used parallels from his life and delineated them to Gregor. Through surrealism and isolation Kafka represents the self-value a single individual has in society.
For example, a parallel between Kafka and Gregor is the relationship between his father and himself. Franz Kafka's family was a middle-class Jewish family. He grew up the oldest of six children; two of his brother died as infants and his three sisters lost their lives in concentration camps. The relationship between Kafka and his father was particularly distant. "His father, Hermann Kafka, was described as a huge ill-tempered domestic tyrant, who on many occasions directed his anger toward his son [.]," (Franz Kafka Biography 1). Kafka mimics the relationship he had with his father through the relationship of Gregor and his father. Gregor is held responsible to pay back the debt his father created and still support his family. For instance, after the family realized Gregor had been morphed into an insect the tension between Gregor and his father became ostensible. "With a hostile expression his father clenched his fist as if to drive Gregor back into his room[.]," (Kafka 25). This demonstrates that after Gregor's father realizes what his transformation means he is enraged and elucidates that Gregor is the reason that their family is going to struggle. His transformation is intractable for his family.
In addition, another parallel Kafka relates Gregor with is his thoughts on his job.