The Renaissance was basically a resurrection of cultural knowledge and learning that occurred in Europe during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. Hence, when it occurred, a restoration of the classical forms that were originally started by the ancient Greeks and Romans and new social and conceptual developments, like an attraction to humanism and a renewed idea of the significance of the individual, began (Salisbury 346). As a result, there would be a complete transformation in the nature of art. People would begin to think of art as a method of expression rather than a profession or line of work; it would become appreciated not just as a means for religious and social identity, but more as a way of personal expression. All of this intense level of artistic activity would also lead to advances in the theories and techniques of art. .
Early Renaissance artists would seek to create art forms in line with their experience of human personality and behavior. In addition, they would also strive to depict realistic human forms with exact proportions and true to life clothing and expressions that were rich in drama and emotion. Giotto di Bondone and Tommaso Guidi, or Masaccio, the founder of Renaissance painting, were some of the first artists to paint this way, as they portrayed art that contrasted the Middle Ages, showing emotions, feelings, reality, perspective and vivid colors, thus signifying the deep interest for naturalism in the society. Other artists, such as Giovanni Bellini, would start to convey their art through earthly themes and ideas that were displayed through landscapes and portraits. Artists in the high Renaissance like Leonardo Da Vinci, Michelangelo, Titian, and Raphael established paintings in the narrative style that exhibited the human body in a more technical and natural manner, thus showing the different features of daily life. Da Vinci would express humanist and classical values and Raphael would express the classical ideals of beauty, serenity and harmony, while Michelangelo would originate creative power, as he used the human body as the ultimate vehicle for emotional [removed]"Renaissance Art").