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The Impact of Climate Change

            In the last century, there was an increase about 0.6 degrees in the average temperature. According to the UN group on climate change, the average temperature will rise by between 1.4 and 5.8 degrees C by the 2100. (Black., para.A) Climate, which is the average weather like seasonal extremes, variation, is in control of earth's energy and its atmosphere, is actually caused by both human activities and natural events. Obviously, it can affect ecosystems, the agricultural, and the spread of disease. (Black, para. C) With the effects climate change, it finally results in global warming and green house effects. This essay will discuss the causes and effects of climate change, then it will suggest solutions to to solve this problem.
             According to the International Panel on Climate Change (IPPC), climate change was caused by human activities significantly, and these can even cause irreversible effects to earth. (Hamburg, 2009, p.186-187) For example, burning of fossil fuels like coal, oil, natural gas impacts on natural climate significantly because of the huge needs of transportation, heating, manufacturing, cooling, electricity generations. (Ibid., p.190) The production of carbon dioxide have increased rapidly and around 80 to 85% carbon dioxide has been produced. (Ibid., p.190) In addition, land use changes is also a problem. The purpose of clear-cutting is always for logging, ranching, and agriculture. (Ibid., p.190) Substantially, deforestation and other land use changes have already increased the carbon dioxide in atmosphere and this still happens in some tropical regions. (Ibid., p.190) Furthermore, natural events are also factors of climate change. There are some examples such as large volcanic eruption, variation in ocean currents and so on.(Ibid., p.185).
             Discernibly, there have been some negative effectss caused by climate change. Global warming is one of them. It can change weather, ecosystem, and increase sea level.

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