Many arguments have been presented both for and against the existence of God and have been a very debatable question for many centuries. So what or better yet, who exactly is 'God'? Each religion has its own definition of God. This world has over 350 religions in this world, meaning there are more than 350 gods in this world. But in this essay, I will focus on the Christian god. The Christian God has three separate identities including the Son, the Father, and the Holy Spirit. Christians believe that God created their world from the very beginning. Who do you think created this earth and the whole universe? This is another question that has been around for centuries. Till this day, nobody knows the real scientific answer for it. Now I will be discussing the different arguments between the existence and the non-existence of God using different theories to support each argument.
St. Thomas Aquinas (1224 – 1274) was philosopher, theologian, and Dominican priest, also known as the Angelic Doctor. He was considered as one of the greatest Christian philosophers of all time. Two of his finest examples of work are on Christian philosophy include the Summa Theologiae and the Summa Contra Gentiles. St. Thomas Aquinas' cosmological arguments argued that God was the one that created this world. He had five different proofs (also knowsn as the five different ways) to prove for the existence of God. The first way is the argument from motion, Second way is causation of existence, third way is contingent and necessary objects, fourth way, is the argument from degrees and perfection, and last of all, the fifth way, the argument from Intelligent Design.
The first one is the argument from motion. Thomas Aquinas believed that whenever things move, something or someone must be causing it to move. And the mover is God. The second proof is causation, meaning that something can't exist without a decent reason for its existence and that every effect must have a cause (Rice, 1983), and in return, the cause must be the effect of another cause, and so on.