There has been some form of death penalty in the world throughout history. It is still legal in many countries as a punishment for major crimes. Executions have been performed by decapitation, electrocution, firing squad, gas chamber, hanging, lethal injection, shooting and stoning and other rude ways. Oscar Wilde's long poem,"The Ballad of Reading Gaol," is an example of a death sentence, hanging, and describes us how brutal the punishment is. With this historical example we can easily say that nobody has the exact right to give a death penalty order because it is applied unfairly, retribution of homicide is immoral, and there is a risk to execute innocent people.
The death penalty decision is changed by different factors, for example, the judge's moral values, the attorney's quality skills, the country in which the crime is committed and the race of the victim or suspect. Most of the suspects charged with death penalty are poor ones who cannot afford a reputable attorney. Their inexperienced attorneys generally fail to analyze the whole case. Without a good defense, they are incapable of getting rid of false charges. Also, according to a report by the Human Rights Organization, death penalty decisions interestingly increases if the victim is white rather than black in the United States. The same report tells that more than 125 black suspects have been executed for the murder of a white victim, while only five white suspects have been executed for the murder of a black victim. This is an apparent discrimination towards the blacks like John Coffey in "The Green Mile." Moreover, for the same crime, a suspect is sentenced to death in Japan while he is sentenced of life without parole in the United States. The death penalty must not be used until discrimination of race, economic factors and geographical elements are eliminated. .
Furthermore, we can say that retribution is a type of revenge, an emotional impulse, a notion of an eye for an eye, or a life for a life.