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Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

            Leukemia is a disease that affects the bone marrow, blood, and other blood-forming organs. They produce an increased number of blood cells; usually Leukocytes (white blood cells) which is seemed to be abnormal in count. Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) is a type of Leukemia, which affects the blood. It occurs suddenly, and since it is 'acute' it occurs quickly and worsens throughout a short period of time. It is a hereditary disorder, which means that people who have a history of ALL in their families should get tested in order to try to prevent or treat it early. ALL is menacing seeing as it leaves no trace unless fully managed through the body. It also does not leave any effect, which is hard to diagnose sometimes. The abnormal white blood count is also present in ALL and the blood count is found in the blood and bone marrow, which then turn into lymphocytes. Lymphocytes are small white blood cells which one nucleus. They occur as a result of the immaturity of stem cells located in the bone marrow; which is why they are nowadays referred to as 'Leukemia Cells'. .
             The two types of lymphocytes are T-lymphocytes and B-lymphocytes, which are made to fight infection. The leukemia cells however are not made to fight anything. There are three types of ALL (ALL L1, ALL L2, and ALL L3) ALL L1 is most common in children ranging from the age 2-6, whilst ALL L2 is most common in adults ranging from 35yrs +. The treatment of ALL has varied throughout the years and continues to progress. In the current day, the cure of ALL is doable and is usually successfully due to the excessive amount of treatments: Transplantation, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and drugs like Tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Patients diagnosed with ALL are cured over long and short periods of time, but children and young adults are faster cured than adults. The form of using three phases; the remission induction therapy, consolidation/intensification therapy, and the maintenance therapy treat the ALL disease.

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