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Substance Abuse and Activity Addictions

            Substance abuse addictions and activity abuse additions are similar in the psychological and physical effects on the user, but are different in the way users become addicted, the longevity before they get help and the costs to continue the abuse. "Physical dependence occurs when the body has adjusted by incorporating the substance into its "normal" functioning, therefore physical withdrawal symptoms occur upon cessation of use. Tolerance is the process by which the body continually adapts to the substance and requires increasingly larger amounts to achieve the original effects. Withdrawal refers to physical and psychological symptoms experienced when reducing or discontinuing a substance that the body has become dependent on. Symptoms of withdrawal generally include but are not limited to anxiety, irritability, intense cravings for the substance, nausea, hallucinations, headaches, cold sweats, and tremors."1.
             Alcohol addiction or alcoholism is defined as "a condition in which there is a repetitive, but consistent and sometimes unpredictable loss of control of drinking that produces symptoms of serious personal dysfunction or disability"2. Alcohol can be bought and consumed in small or large quantities. The various proofs or strengths of alcohol contained in the liquid itself varies with each brand and cost. The most common reason for alcoholic binges and usage is that the person drinking wants to forget about problems or things he or she does not want to deal with or situations and circumstances that they cannot change. Consuming too much alcohol can cause memory loss, blackouts and hallucinations. Alcohol intoxication and withdrawal causes physical, psychological and mental effects on the user. Withdrawal from alcohol usually requires behavioral intervention by professionals trained to help the alcoholic. Treatment facilities are available for the alcoholic, as well as support groups and individuals who are friends or family members who want to help the alcohol abuser.

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