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Slavery and the Civil War

            Slavery was the catalyst for the Civil War because other issues like sectional tensions and arguments over political power were based on the expansion of slavery. The south relied on slavery while the north relied on industrialization. The National Government placed a tariff on imported goods in 1832 which angered South Carolina because they had to either pay taxes for their goods or trade with the north whom they disliked. The south did not want to pay the tariffs so they created the Ordinance of Nullification in 1832, and in response to that Andrew Jackson created the Force Bill in 1833 which favored the north and the south was heavily lacked votes. For example, when the House voted on the Force Bill the north had over 50 votes from two states while the south had approximately 40 in total from all slave states and the south was politically lacking because their votes were very small in each state(doc 1). This was pre-existing tension between the North and South because the north had more political power than the south since their representatives were the reason the Force Bill was passed. This bill showed the imbalanced amount of power in the government between the north and south, the north got favorited since the national government was basically making the south trade with the north which only made them stronger and gave them a clear advantage knowing they had the government behind them and overall because the south was pro-state government the force bill went against what they said and the north made that happen. Next the south wanted to expand slavery towards the west so they could have more power in the Senate but because they could not do that they would still have their same amount of power and they feared of losing more power. For example David Wilmot wanted to move out west to farm and he could not do that because of the growth of slavery which was bad for his cause because if the slaves could do it for free who would pay him and others to farm, he just wanted his free land to farm and make money (doc 2).

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