Arthritis is a well-known disease that affects many people nowadays and it can affect people of all ages. Arthritis is a disease that involves inflammation of one or more joints. ("Arthr" refers to joints, and "itis" to inflammation.) Thus its alternative name would be joint inflammation.
Arthritis or joint inflammation is the body's reaction of processes to various diseases. These would include mechanical injuries to a joint, including fracture, which is an injury that disrupts bone tissue, the presence of an infection, which is usually caused by bacteria or other viruses, and an attack on the joints by the body itself, which is also known as an "autoimmune disease" or the accumulation of "wear and tear" on joints. Very often the inflammation goes away after the injury has healed; either the disease is treated, or the infection is cleared by the immune system, sometimes it is usually with the help of antibiotics.
Due to some injuries and diseases that remain in the body, inflammation does not go away and the destruction in the bones results to long-term pain and deformity. Thus this is considered to be arthritis. There exist more than 100 types of arthritis with many different possible causes. Such as, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gonococcal arthritis, viral arthritis and many other types.
The most common form of arthritis is called osteoarthritis, "osteo" is the Greek word for bone, and it is a "non-inflammatory" type of arthritis, which means that inflammation is not the key component. It is completely different from the less common rheumatoid arthritis, which is an inflammatory arthritis in which the body's immune system attacks its own tissues, causing inflammation. .
The many different causes and treatments of other arthritis related diseases vary from osteoarthritis. Though having osteoarthritis may be painful, it does not always have disabling results, and unlike rheumatoid arthritis, it is unlikely to produce the severe deformity of the joints in which other types of arthritis may cause.