Human resource management is a part of every manager's responsibilities. These human resource responsibilities include placing the right person in the right job, and then orienting, training and compensating to improve his or her job performance. Human resource management is involved in both the formulation and the implementation of a company's strategies given the need for the firm to galvanize employees into a competitive advantage (Human Resource Management, 8th Ed by G.Dessler, p.28).
The policies and practices one needs to carry out the people or human resource aspects of a management position including recruiting, screening, training ,rewarding and appraising.(Human Resource Management 8th Ed by G.Dessler, p.2).
Human Resource Management can be defined as management of activities undertaken to attract, develop, motivate, and maintain a high-performance workforce within organizations (Human Resource Management: An Experiential Approach by D.Harvey & R.B.Bowin, p.6).
Human resource management includes.
Planning labor needs and recruiting candidates .
Selecting job candidates .
Orienting and training new employees.
Managing wages and salaries.
Providing incentives and benefits.
Communicating (interviewing ,councelling,desciplining).
Training and developing.
Building employee commitment.
Roles of Human Resource Management.
1. Job Analysis.
Job analysis defines the task involved in a job, determines the relationship between different jobs, and ascertains the knowledge, skills and abilities necessary for an employee to perform job successfully. Job analysis produces information which is then used for developing job descriptions and job specifications. Job description is a statement that mentions what a job holder does and how and why does he do that. Job specification is a list minimum qualification that every employee must possess for successful performance of any job (Organizational Behavior 3rd Ed by S.