Saturn, the sixth planet from the sun, is the second largest of nine planets and one of the most interesting in our Solar System. It is believed to be the god of agriculture in Roman mythology and its Greek name is Cronos. Saturn was first discovered by Galileo in 1610 by using one of the first telescopes. He was confused by its appearance as it looked like it had three parts, which the two extra parts, like three planets in close orbit together, for many years the two extra parts were referred to either as "ears- or "handles-, but actually they were the rings around the planet. Saturn is one of the most beautiful sites in our Solar System with its spectacular ring system. Of all the planets Saturn has the most moons or satellites with a total of thirty-one, thirteen of those are newly discovered and still unnamed today. It is one of five planets visible from Earth without a telescope due to it being one of the brightest lights in the sky, where it does not twinkle like the stars do, and also has a faint greenish color that makes it stand out from the rest. Even though Saturn is not unique as it shares similarities with the other gas planets of Jupiter, Uranus and Neptune, like the rings, it still has various unique differences in its own right.
Saturn is one of the outer planets, located between Jupiter and Uranus. It is farther away from the sun then the five other planets of Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, and Jupiter. The planet has been as close as 840 million miles and the furthest of 930 million miles, an estimation of 1,429,400,000 kilometers from the sun. Saturn's orbit is nearly like a circle and since Saturn is so far away from the sun it take a very long time for it to orbit the sun. It takes twenty-nine and one half Earth years for it to make one revolution around the sun. Its day is much shorter than an Earth day since its period of rotation is around approximately ten and a half Earth hours, which is thirteen and a half hours less than Earth's day.