Introduction to Information system in Business.
Information technology is reshaping the basics of business. Customer service, operations, product and marketing strategies, and distribution are heavily, or sometimes even entirely, dependent on information technology, and its expense, have become an everyday part of business life.
An information system is an organized combination of people, hardware, software communications networks, and data resources that collects, transforms, and disseminates information in an organization. People have relied on information system to communicate with each other using a variety of devices (hardware), information processing instructions and procedures (software), communications (networks), and stored data (data resources) since the down of civilization. .
Most end users are knowledge workers, people who spend most of their time communicating and collaborating in terms and workgroups and creating, using, and distributing information. Managerial end users are managers, entrepreneurs, or managerial-level professionals who personally use information system.
We should be aware of the management problems and opportunities presented by the use of information technology, and how you can effectively confront such challenges. It is important that information technology and information system can be mismanaged and misapplied so that they create both technological and business failure. .
Five Reason for Success Five Reasons for Failure.
1. User involvement.
2. Executive management support.
3. Clear statement of requirements.
4. Proper planning.
5. Realistic expectations 1. Lack of user input.
2. Incomplete requirement and specifications.
3. Changing requirements and specifications.
4. Lack of executive support.
When information systems focus on providing information and support for effective decision making by managers, they are called management support system. Providing information and support for decision making by all types of managers.