"I believe that I am acting in accordance with the will of the Almighty Creator: by defending myself against the Jew I am fighting for the work of the Lord"(Morais, 1976), said Hitler. Hitler, along with many others, felt the Jews were to blame for their misfortunes. At the turn of the twentieth century, cities and industry were booming, allowing capitalists and bankers to gain power. Growing economic change and progress created insecurity among the average working man. Many felt that prejudice towards Jews was the answer to these insecurities. Anti-Semitism in the twentieth century can be divided into three stages, pre-World War one, World War I and II, and post World War II to present. .
At the turn of the century, around 1902, Russia fell victim to a famine and a cholera epidemic. Following this terrible year a wave of anti-Semitism swept across the Russian State. In 1903 the Jews were accused of performing ritual murders, causing a rumor created by the Russian people that their leader had ordered a general massacre. A false idea of Jews was created. Jews in every community throughout Russia were in danger of losing their lives. During the following years over 50,000 people fell victim to attacks in over one hundred and eighty cities(Morais, 1976). All of the victims were not Jews, however the attacks help to illustrate the general attitude of people in the early part of the twentieth century. In 1911, a young boy was murdered by a gang of criminals, creating the misconception of another ritual murder performed by Jewish people. As a result of the murder people of Jewish faith were faced with further persecution. Constant harassment of the Jews encouraged the United States to take action in defense of the Jews and decide to break its commercial treaty with .
Russia. Russia was not the only source of persecution for the Jews, they were also fleeing Romania. Many Jews left Rumania because of an Anti-Semitic League founded in Bucharest in 1895.