Few scientists have ever explored and discovered as much new knowledge as Isaac Newton. Isaac Newton was born on Christmas day, December 25, 1642 in Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire. He was born prematurely and not expected to live past the age of one. His parents were Isaac Newton, his father, and Hanna Aysough Newton, his mother. His father died just a few months before his birth. At the age of two, his mother moved out with his stepfather and left him with his grandmother. In 1651, when Newton was nine, his mother came back after the death of her second husband and took Isaac Newton back. The results of this separation were very significant in his attitude. He became very secretive, aggressive, and did not take any form of criticism well. At age 11 he began going to King's School in Grantham. He also worked on the farm and many assumed he would continue as his family had done for generations. But his mother decided that he would go to college because she recognized his intelligence in the small inventions he made in his free time.
Isaac Newton went to Trinity College, Cambridge in 1661 and began his college career. He was poor and had to work to earn enough money to pay for his education. He graduated and received his bachelors degree with the encouragement of Isaac Barrow in 1665 without distinction. Although he wanted to continue and get his masters degree, the bubonic plague broke out and the college shut down. During these off years, he returned home. The next few years Isaac Newton had a renaissance of his own. Before his genius had only been seen in some of the inventions that he made while at home, but at this point, it was finally implemented in a useful manner. During these few years, he invented calculus, discovered the inverse square law, and did extensive testing on light and its properties. Isaac Newton's findings encompassed many fields. They included optics, mathematics, geometry, theology, philosophy, and chemistry.