As I read the question, what is critical thinking? I took the initiative to research the definition of critical thinking according to people who wrote textbooks and articles on the subject. "Critical thinking is the use of those cognitive skills or strategies that increase the probability of a desirable outcome. It is used to describe thinking that is purposeful, reasoned and goal directed - the kind of thinking involved in solving problems, formulating inferences, calculating likelihood's, and making decisions when the thinker is using skills that are thoughtful and effective for the particular context and type of thinking task. Critical thinking also involves evaluating the thinking process - the reasoning that went into the conclusion we have arrived at the kinds of factors considered in making a decision. Critical thinking is sometimes called directed thinking because it focuses on a desired outcome". (Halpern, Diane F. Thought and Knowledge: An Introduction to Critical Thinking.1996.) . In my own words, critical thinking is the ability to ask and answer questions to information that is given to you. Critical thinking is deciding rationally what to or what not to believe. .
Decision-making comes from a decision maker who has authority over the resources allocated. He or she makes the decision in order to further an objective, which is what he or she hopes to achieve by allocating those resources. A decision maker might employ decision analysis, which is a structured way of thinking about how the action taken in the current decision would lead to a result. In doing this, one distinguishes three features of the situation: the decision to be made, the chance and unknown events that can affect the result, and the result itself. At the time of the decision, the decision maker has available to him at least two alternatives, which are the courses of action that he might take. When he chooses an alternative and commits to it (i.