On May 17th, 1954 racial segregation, in public schools, was officially declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court of the United States of America in the case of Brown vs. Board of Education. The justices of the Supreme Court decided that racial segregation of public schools is a violation of the 14th amendment, and that separate was in fact unequal. (Brown v. Board) Despite this ruling, segregation continues to exist today. For many people it is unimaginable that their fellow American citizens are still being segregated in many public school districts. The perfect America will be achieved only when there is equality. Clearly separate is not equal, and as long as segregation exists in this world, equality will not. .
There is substantial evidence that proves that segregation has a negative effect on the way people think. Small children, who are segregated against, know that they are treated badly, and it allows them to think that they are inferior to others. During the Brown vs. Board of Education case, Kenneth Clark performed a doll test to prove the psychological damage in segregated children. "I presented these dolls to them and I asked them the following questions in the following order: "Show me the doll that you like best or that you'd like to play with," "Show me the doll that is the "nice" doll," "Show me the doll that looks "bad"," and then the following questions also: "Give me the doll that looks like a white child," "Give me the doll that looks like a colored child," "Give me the doll that looks like a Negro child," and "Give me the doll that looks like you."" In the majority of the cases, the black child thought the white doll was better than the African American doll (Varenne). The children that were being segregated were being mentally abused. The minority children would see the white children going to school on buses, as they walked miles and miles to school. The disadvantaged children watched television, and knew how well off the white children were.