The ancient Greek civilization ranged from 1900- 133 BC, however its impact on the Western world lasts to this day. As the Greeks expanded their empire, they spread their ideas to other countries, while also borrowing from other cultures. During this period of time, the Greeks made many significant and long-lasting contributions to our modern culture, in art, architecture, drama, philosophy, government, math, and science. These givings of important ideas, events, inventions, and structures have had an extraordinary influence on the surrounding environment then and in the future.
One important contributor to the field of philosophy was Socrates (470-399 BC). Philosophy is an organized system of thought; love of wisdom in Greek. Socrates was a Greek philosopher who developed the Socratic method, which is a form of teaching that used a question and answer format to force pupils to see things for themselves by using their own reason. He was a master of reason logic, and his reasoned, questioned methods of teachings are still used to this day. He was accused of corrupting the youth of Athens and shortly after was sentenced to death. He questioned everything and everyone. This can best be shown by his statement that says, "The unexamined life is not worth living. Through this he implies that all real knowledge is already present with in each person and only critical examination is needed to call it forth" (Doc.1, Socrates). Socrates spent his life examining his own ideas and trying to discover the truth about many subjects using reason and logic. His contribution became an important part of Western civilization- a legacy that reminds us to think for ourselves and to stand up for what we believe in. .
Another great contributor to the field of philosophy was Aristotle (384- 322 BC). Aristotle was also a Greek philosopher, although many consider him to be more of a scientist and logician due to his contributions in the fields of logic, physics, biology, and humanities.