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            Democrat Franklin Delano Roosevelt was president during two of the most challenging times ever faced by the United States: the Great Depression of the 1930s and WWII. Roosevelt had shown his military and diplomatic skill as the Commander in Chief during the war. He felt that it was the best idea to keep the country neutral to avoid war. Unfortunately after the Pearl Harbor bombing, he had no choice but to enter the war.
             FDR was determined to protect the national security of the United States. Before Pearl Harbor, he felt that it was in the best interest of the United States to avoid involvement in the war. However, he knew that the threat to the European balance of power would have forced the US to intervene in the war. .
             FDR did not want to make the same mistakes that the country did in WWI. Thus, all of the situations that caused the United States to enter WWI were taken into consideration when the Neutrality Acts were passed. The Neutrality Acts of 1935, 1936, and 1937 stated that when the president declared the existence of a foreign war, certain restrictions would automatically go into effect. No American could sail on a militant ship, or sell or transport munitions to a militant, or make loans to one. They were also specifically made to keep the nation out of a conflict like WWI. .
             In March 1941, the U.S. Congress passed the Lend-Lease Act. It appropriated an initial $7 billion to lend or lease weapons and other aid to any countries the president might designate. By this act, the U.S. hoped to ensure victory over their enemies without involving its own troops. In other words, they wanted to keep the nation out of the war rather than get in it. The US would send a limitless supply of arms to the victims of aggression, who would in turn keep the war away from the US. However, by late summer of 1941, the US was in a state of undeclared war with Germany. In September, FDR authorized ships on duty to attack Axis war vessels.

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