The purpose of my article is to study the impact of information technology and artificial intelligence on the organization, privacy and control, research and instructional practices and ethics. Evolution of information technology has affected all these practices, and has helped them in improving their performance in some way.
Information technology has opened a new era of information for today's organization (it might be business, non-profit, educational, research etc.) and has enabled it to gather and communicate information and thus function in a more effective way. On the other hand decision-making capability of the computers has changed the pattern of authority and responsibility with in the organization. Although information technology has bombarded the organization with all kind of information, but it has failed to take into account the limited capability of the society to absorb and use all the available information. In order to make information technology more effective, it must have the capability of providing the organization with relevant information and should be able to realize the needs of the users instead of procedures.
Along with providing information, information technology has given rise to various technological problems, like establishing rules to use the available information and protecting it to be accesses by undesirable people. Another thing that the organization needs to be aware about, is the quality of information in order to make quality decisions. Information technology and artificial intelligence has helped the organizations in establishing and improving management controls and have changed the responsibility and authority of managers. Although, all this technological improvement has tremendously impacted the functioning of organization, but still have been unable to change their fundamental structure.
As we know that most of the scientific advancement are dependent upon technological improvements and availability of information.