Political and social events during the early twentieth century changed Great Britain's position as a world power and dramatically changed its society. Internally, Britain experienced social reforms that had far-reaching consequences. The growing power, influence of wide spread interest in socialist ideology, and rise of literacy from such authors as Virginia Woolf, Derek Walcott, and Maurice Kenney, all had a major effect on Great Britain and the world. Among these authors was George Orwell, an acclaimed writer whose life, style and works, and reputation and influence define his lasting success.
Orwell was born in Motihari, India on June 25, 1903. His father, Richard Walmesley, was a civil servant and his mother, Ida Mabel, was a homemaker. Throughout his life he had numerous jobs including: serving with the Indian imperial police at a police training school, a superintendent of police, dishwasher, teacher, clerk, and a sergeant in World War II. He got the influence for his first book, Down and Out in London and Paris, when he moved to England and France in 1930. He bought some old clothes and set off to discover the roots of poverty among the city's vast number of unemployed, and soon gathered enough information for his novel. For a later book, he reminisced on his awful days at the Saint Cyprian's School, which has been described .
as repressive, strict, and dreadful. These times haunted his imagination throughout his life and lead to the creation of Such Such Were Joys. He once commented on these .
moments saying, "This was the great lesson of my boyhood: that I was in a world where it was not possible to be good."".
Over the course of his life he wrote numerous fiction and non-fiction novels. His non-fiction novels consist of The Road to Wigan Pier in 1937, Homage to Catalonia in 1938, and Inside the Whale, and other Essays in 1940. A few fiction novels he wrote include Bumene Days in 1934, A Clergyman's Daughter in 1935, Keep the Aspidistra Flying in 1936, Coming up for Air in 1936, and his first successful novel, Animal Farm in 1945 (Des Chenes 139-151).