"Sport is a Reflection of society and, in many respects, society is a reflection of sport" (Holman p. 223). Due to the popularity of sport, it has an effect on the image of society. Sport is harder to enter into for women because the make up for sport is set up for male dominance. This shows that for some time sport was not held to the same laws of equality. Women had and still have to some degree, less opportunity than males do in sport. The greater laws of equality in society were not being passed on through sport. Since society today has realized the need for equality in society, sport is on its way to becoming equal. This means sport can no longer be exempt from sexual discrimination. This includes all types of sport who now must make decisions according to equality.
A major step was taken towards equality in sport with the passing of the Title IX - The Educational Amendments Act. This imposed not only equality in the classrooms between male and female, but also on the playing fields of athletics. Title IX states: .
No person in the United States shall, on the bias of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education programme or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.
Title IX was approved with little opposition in 1972. After Title IX passed, the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) and high school administrators were certain that boy's sports would begin to downfall if girl's sports had to be funded equally and if girl's had to be given equal opportunity. How the law was to be dealt with was not set out until two years after Title IX passed. The regulations still were not law until the summer of 1975 (July). Even then, the Office of Civil Rights (OCR) did not see that the law was carried out properly or even at all for that matter. Very few complaints were dealt with properly or with care.