In his early life, Ibsen's financial hardship forced him to leave university and do bits of writing for newspapers as well as manage a small theatre; he was a poet in his own right. Soon his poetry developed into masterful plays and success finally ensued. His technique involved symbolism and in-depth psychological analysis of society and the mind. He attacked social pretension as well as the oppression of women. While the novelists of the era wrote of these subjects, Ibsen sought to dramatise the same smugness of the upper classes and depict the realism in these lifestyles. He demanded, in his works, that drama deal with the major issues of the day through cycles of life of his characters. He thought that truth could free, as well as destroy, but that truth could be the only manner in which individuals could see the realities of life and learn and evolve from them. His first successful play, "Brand", spoke of truth to one's self despite the conformities of society. The next was "Peer Gynt", a drama whose theme is that a second-rate life has little meaning and purpose. His plays that were to follow depicted political corruption, religious reform, and diseases of the mind.
Ibsen's main objective was to show the wealthy's exploitation of society and to uncover the real tragedy of life hidden by the smugness of these individuals. His plays have been translated and staged all across the world. Among his most successful works are '"Brand" (1865), "Peer Gynt" (1867), "The League of Youth" (1868); his later works included "The Pillars of Society" (1 877), "A Doll's House " (1879), and '"Ghosts " (1881).
Ibsen's technique of putting his characters into dramatic situations to show the dynamics of the individual, is exemplified by his most renowned play, '"A Doll's House". This play deals with social reforms based on the principles of honesty and freedom. His main character, Nora, is trapped in a marriage by her chauvinistic husband, Helmer.