Scientist has examined the layers of debris that fell on Pompeii to help them understand exactly what happened when Vesuvius erupted. The First eruption consisted of a slow accumulation of pumice. Most people escaped from the city during this time. Those who remained lost their lives when the First surge of hot ash and gas sped and left behind a deposit of hardened volcanic sand. While Pompeii was buried under about twelve feet (4 meters) of pumice and ash, the town of Herculaneum was overwhelmed by sixty-five feet (20 meters) of debris.
After the eruption, many people returned to their homes, but Pompeii lay under a sea of pumice and ash. Some got shovels and tried to uncover their loved ones. Some searched for there strongboxes and money. Other dug down to the majestic temples and public buildings, hoping to find valuable statues or building materials. Several of these diggers were buried when the ground caved in on top of them.
For 1,500 years, Pompeii had been buried under a thick blanket of pumice and ash. .
And in 1860, Giuseppe Fiorelli was put in charge of the excavation. Because Fiorelli was an archaeologist and he knew that the town should be uncovered in an organized and scientific way. He made maps and carefully recorded each new find. He began to restore the buildings and art, instead of hauling away most valuable pieces and leaving away the rest to rot.
Between 1927 and 1932, an archaeologist named Amedeo Maiuri discovered one of the finest houses in the city, The House of the Menander. The Menander was one of the biggest houses in Pompeii! .
It contained many rooms. It had a Snack Bar, a Shop, a Living Room, a Library, a Garden Courtyard, a Shrine to Family Ancestors, Private Bath Suit: Hot Bath, Dressing Room, and an Atrium. Vegetable Garden, Sun Terrace, Kitchens, Outdoor Dining Area, Reception Room, Living Room, Bedrooms, Household Shrine, Workshop, Another Atrium, More Living Rooms, a Smaller Garden Courtyard, Eros's Apartment, Eros's Bedroom, Slaves" Quarters, Dinning Room, and Stables! .