Grange: It provided social, cultural, n educational activities for its members. Its constitution banned involvement in politics, but Grangers often ignored the rules n supported railroad regulation n other measures. Most members were in the Midwest n south. They set up cooperative stores, grain elevators, warehouses, insurance companies, n farm machinery factories.
Barbed wire: An invention that cut across the trails and divided up the big ranches. Joseph Glidden invented. His factory was turning out 600 miles of wire every day, n farmers were buying it faster than it could be produced.
Dawes Act:1887 Congress passed this act deciding to give each native american a farm. It was the most important legal development in Indian-white relations in more than 3 centuries. Aiming to end tribal life, the act divided tribal lands into small plots for distribution among members of the tribe.
Chinese Act: Riots against Chinese laborers occurred in the 1870s n 1880s in los angeles, san fransico, seattle, n denver. The act was passed by the congress in 1882, which suspended immigration of Chinese laborers for ten years. The number of Chinese in the U.s. fell drastically.
Jim Crow: At the turn of the century 8-10 African Americans still lived in rural areas, mainly in the south. Most were poor sharecroppers. Jim crow laws segregated many schools, railroads cars, hotels, and hospitals.
Plessy:1896 Upheld Louisiana statute reuiring " separate but equal" accommodations on railroads for whites n blacks. It declared that segregation is not necessarily discrimination.
Homestead:1862 It was a law of great significance. It gave 160 acres of land to anyone who would pay a 10$ registration fee n pledge to live on it n cultivate it for 5 years. The offer set off a mass migration of land-hungry Europeans, dazzled by a country that gave its land away.
Imperialism: Bryan tried to turn the election of 1900 into a debate over imperialism, but the attempt failed.