Brazil is located in South America and is the only country in this continent which Portuguese is the official language. Brazil is also the richest country in the continent. It has more than one hundred and seventy million inhabitants. Brazil has twenty six states which are located in five different regions. Since Brazil is a huge country, the climate varies according to each region. Rex A. Hudson notes that "Although 90 percent of the country is within the tropical zone, the climate of Brazil varies considerably from the mostly tropical North (the equator traverses the mouth of the Amazon) to temperate zones below the Tropic of Capricorn - The main cities are Sao Paulo, one of the biggest in the world; Rio de Janeiro, very famous by its beautiful beaches; and Brasilia that is the capital city. The main sport is soccer and the Brazilian national team has conquered the world title for five times. Robert DaMatta says that "Explores the significance of soccer in Brazil, arguing that it is a fundamental element in the understanding of the country- (125). The country is divided into five regions. This division was made based on the similarities among the states that compound each region. Climate, kind of food, tourist attractions, kind of people, and past traditions are some of these similarities. These five regions are North, Northeast, Central-West, Southeast, and South. There are things as Carnival, religion, and races that are extremely related to this country. .
The North region is the biggest one in the country. It has six states. They are Para, Acre, Rondonia, Roraima, Amapa and Tocantins - the newest state in Brazil, created in .
1988. The main cities are Manaus and Belem. The region economy is based on mineral and vegetal activities. The region has 7.5 millions inhabitants. The very famous Amazon forest is located in this region. It is the largest rain forest in the world. Pamela Bloom states that "Amazonia is the world's largest rain forest, covering 2.