"For the past 8 years from 1999 there has been a 5% decrease in the rate.
of crime among Canada's three largest provinces and 9 largest metropolitan.
areas." This was quoted by Statistics Canada on July 18, 2000, in a.
publication of The Daily. Crime can be defined as " any act or omission.
regarded by a sizable segment of a given society as warranting formal.
intervention to control, punish and prevent behaviours."1 However the.
diminishing crime rate may not hold to be a true depiction of a national trend.
in all provinces. The decreasing crime rate in relation to Canadian society as a.
whole may not hold to be accurate for three main explanations; Statistics.
Canada's method of official data collection to reveal the crime rate does not.
present a flawless process, there is an evident lack of uniformity amoung.
different geographical segments, within Canada, in police reporting and.
policies, and Canadian citizens views in relation to reporting and the crime.
funnel, examined with unofficial data, prove to be a factor that consequently.
influences crime statistics. Canadian society can be defined in relation to this.
paper as; all Canadian citizens habituated within Canada holding everything.
constant. (race, age, gender).
Statistics Canada utilizes data measured in a structure known as official.
data, to yield information that explains criminal activity and crime trends. .
Official data is data collected through the uniform crime reporting systems.
(U.C.R). U.C.R was established in 1962. U.C.R represents data that is;.
"actual offences, those reported or detected offences that have been found ,.
upon preliminary investigation to have actually occurred, as opposed to being.
unfounded."2 Therefore, official data is a measure of information collected.
and accounted for on those crimes that have come to the attention of the.
police. An example of a crime rate for homicide using official data would.
equal, the division off the total population within a given city by the number.