Sir Francis Bacon has been credited with having contributed to logic the method known as ampliative inference and inductive reasoning (Manzo,236). Bacon's philosophy emphasized the belief that" people are the servants and interpreters of nature, that truth is not derived from authority, and that knowledge is the fruit of experience." Today, the views and concepts of Bacon can be applied in many different areas and applications of media communications. .
Francis Bacon was born in at York House, in the Strand, London in 1561. He was the younger of two sons of Sir Nicholas Bacon, Lord keeper of the great Seal under Queen Elizabeth I. At the age of thirteen, he entered Trinity College Cambridge. He studied geometry, astronomy, arithmetic, music, science, and the philosophy of Aristotle. In one of Bacon's later writings he described his teachers as" men of Sharp wits, shut up in their cells of few authors, chiefly Aristotle, their Dictator. (http://www.luminarium.org/sevenlit/bacon/baconbib.htm) This was likely the beginning of Bacon's rejection of the new Renaissance Humanism and the basis of his writings.
In 1579, Francis Bacon studied law and by the age 23 he was already in the House of Commons. Between the years of 1579 and 1618, Francis Bacon held many positions in the Parliament, including, clerk of the Star Chamber, attorney general, Lord Keeper of the Seal and Lord Chancellor.
In 1603, James I knighted Francis Bacon. Shortly after Bacon's career advanced, he was accused of accepting bribes. Bacon confessed, and was exiled from Parliament, and imprisoned in the Tower of London. Bacon received a pardon from James I, and began to write more.
On April 9, 1626, Sir Francis Bacon died in London. Many believe that he did not die, but instead moved to Holland. Many also believe that he is the true writer behind Shakespeare's plays. It is also rumored that he was the unacknowledged son of Queen Elizabeth.