Amount of Immigrants: By 1790 nearly 1 million Blacks and 4 million Europeans in theU. From 1820 to 1975 some 47 million people came to the United States: 8.3 million from other countries in the Western Hemisphere, 2.2 million from Asia, and 35.9 million from Europe. 32 million of the 35.9 million Europeans came prior to 1924. As many as 250,000 Scotch-Irish immigrated to the colonies before 1776. They were joined after the 1760s by artisans and laborers from the Scottish Lowlands. From 1815 to the start of the Civil War, 5 million people moved to the U.S * about half from England and 40 percent from Ireland. Between the end of the war and 1890 another 10 million came * mostly from northwestern Europe - England, Wales, Ireland, Germany, and Scandinavia. And finally, about 15 million immigrants arrived in the relatively brief period between 1890 and 1914 when the outbreak of war in Europe temporarily arrested the flow. This later group came mostly from eastern and souther!.
n Europe and consisted of new immigrant groups - Poles, Russian Jews, Ukrainians, Slovaks, Croatians, Slovenes, Hungarians, Romanians, Italians, and Greeks.
Race of Immigrants: The European population originated from three major streams: English and Welsh, Scotch-Irish, and German. In the century prior to World War I, the major sources of immigrants were Germany, Italy, Ireland, Austria-Hungary, Russia, and Great Britain, Canada (supplied 4 million newcomers, large number of French-Canadians), and Mexico sent some 2 million. Scotch-Irish, Scots, and German settlers. Poles, Russian Jews, Ukrainians, Slovaks, Croatians, Slovenes, Hungarians, Romanians, Italians, and Greeks. Immigrants from southern and eastern Europe, especially Jews, Italians, and Slavs, almost invariably settled in cities. (Religion: Quakers, who settled in Pennsylvania, Moravians in Georgia and Pennsylvania, and Catholics in Maryland.).
Working: Some became farmers and others toiled in factories.