The main question facing managers in an organization is motivation, how does it work, when to apply and to whom they should apply on. In today's organization, motivation plays an important role in determining whether a company will succeed or not.
What is motivation? Motivation is the set of attitudes and values that predispose a person to act in a specific goal directed manner. It is an invisible inner state that energizes the human goal-directed behavior, which can be divided into two components which is the direction of a behavior9 working to reach a goal) and the strength of the behavior (how hard or strong the individual will work. Within an organization the desired goals are often clearly defined. In motivation a manager normally seeks to change or maintain certain environmental factors so as to influence the inner drives which may change or sustain the behaviors of his subordinates.
The key challenge facing managers in terms of motivation is how to encourage workers to contribute inputs to their jobs and to the organization. Managers want workers to be motivated to contribute inputs ( efforts, specific job behaviors, skills, knowledge, time and experience ) because inputs influence job performance and ultimately, organizational performance. Workers are concerned with obtaining outcomes from the organizations-extrinsic outcomes( pay and job security ) and intrinsic outcomes ( a feeling of accomplishment from doing a good job or the pleasure of doing interesting work. .
In an organization, different employees have different needs, therefore managers must be able to establish their needs and be able to apply different motivational tolls to satisfy different needs. At the core of motivation is human needs satisfaction. The inner drives within an individual are believed to be activated to give rise to appropriate behavior, where such behavior could lead to the fulfillment of the needs.